Tag Archives: seminary

30 Tips for New Seminarians

Here is my humble attempt at giving advice to new seminarians. I am beginning my second semester of doctoral studies. I thought it may be beneficial to write out (from a current students perspective and one that recently finished his Masters) some of the things I wished I would have known before beginning seminary. This is a slightly revised post that I wrote a couple years ago. It is by no means exhaustive and I didn’t necessarily order them in any particular way. If you have any questions/comments or anything to add let me know.

  1. Prayer/Contemplation. One of the most difficult aspects of life, at least for me, is silence and prayer. As a student life gets busy. Generally, you are not only a student but also a spouse/parent and work some type of job. The busyness of life can block dealing with the aches and pains of the soul. It also allows you to become dependent on yourself, striving to do better, and not reflect and thank our Father for his many gifts. Our hearts become hard when we do not reflect on the state of our soul and point our eyes to the Father above.
  2. Read the Bible. If you are going to seminary you will probably be teaching and preaching the Bible when you get out. Read the Bible for all different purposes: devotionally, for knowledge, academically, and many others. If your discipline involves the languages, then consistently read in Greek or Hebrew so you don’t lose all the hard work you put in to learn them.
  3. Plan your study time. When I first began my seminary career I would sit down each week and schedule out exactly what assignments and reading I needed to be working on. I also set out blocks of time with specific tasks associated with them. When it was time for me to study I just got out the schedule and knew exactly what I was working on. This not only made my study time more productive but it also kept me on track throughout the semester. Later in my degree I stopped doing this for some reason. I suddenly became more scatterbrained and less focused. This semester I am back on track and am already reaping the benefits. I found doing this at the beginning of each week allowed me to modify my schedule throughout the semester.
  4. Library. Get to know all the resources at the library and utilize them. Here at Southern the research experts can pretty much answer any question you throw at them. There is also a wealth of tutorials and workshops to help you research and write better. See my posts here and here explaining some of the resources offered at Southern. I can’t stress this enough. The library is your friend not just because it has the books you need but because the people there are knowledgeable and there to help.
  5. Write early write often. Writing is one of the best ways to articulate your thoughts on different subjects. My doctoral supervisor, Dr. Jonathan Pennington, advises to “park on a downhill slope.” By this he means when you are finishing a writing day begin the next section you will be writing. Jot some ideas down that need to be addressed. Next time you sit down to write your brain will have a jumpstart. Also, begin thinking and writing about a topic at the start of the class and don’t wait till the end of the semester. Not only will your paper not be as good (even if you can get an A!) but you will not get the most out of it. Another advantage to writing early is the editing process. I would venture to guess that most students who begin their papers at the end of the semester actually turn in a first draft. Write, edit, write, edit, write, edit…
  6. Write even if it is not for a paper. Augustine says, “…by writing I have myself learned much that I did not know.” We learn by writing and getting ideas out on paper. It helps us formulate thoughts and put them into concrete ideas rather than abstract thoughts. Seminary is not a time just to work on getting good grades. You want to be a well rounded pastor/teacher/scholar/missionary so write on all different topics.
  7. Learn how to use bibliography software. This will save you tons of time when writing a paper. Instead of formatting by hand every reference in your paper the software does it for you. It also stores all your references so you can use them in the future. And better yet, there are browser plugins that allow you to search for the book online, click a button, and all the information is gathered for you. Ryan Vasut has written an extremely helpful guide to getting started with Zotero. And guess what? Zotero is free.
  8. Learn how to use software to be more productive. Evernote is a great app for organizing notes and research. It can be intimidating because it can do so much. (shameless plug!) This is why I wrote my Evernote for Academics series to help students get started using Evernote. Also, check out my other site, Techademic, for other helpful articles and screencasts to be more productive in your studies.
  9. Take the languages early and often. Not only is this vital for any pastor or teacher’s tool belt but it also allows you to slow down and look more closely at the biblical text in both Greek/Hebrew and English. It is hard work but well worth it. Once you take the languages consistently read in them as well. You will begin to get more proficient the more you read. Personally, I find it best to set a time goal rather than a verse goal. In the beginning set a goal of 5–10 minutes a day and gradually build on that. In my experience, when you set your goal via verses or chapters you can get stuck on a verse and spend more time than planned trying to make your way through it.
  10. If married, make your spouse a priority. Love them, serve them, and enjoy them. Don’t talk about seminary all the time! Your spouse is probably interested in you, which also makes them interested in the things you are interested in. But it is likely they do not want to hear about the details of the Greek verb, or the complexities of the Trinity, or even about the Synoptic problem. And please, please, don’t try to teach them Greek (unless of course they really want you too).
  11. Think ahead. Plan your classes ahead of time. Make a base schedule then deviate from that. Know how many electives you have and don’t waste them.
  12. Read, read, read. Get your reading finished early. Don’t try to cram it all at the end. See above for scheduling.
  13. Get up early. I find mornings to be the most productive time.
  14. Read people you disagree with. When writing a paper, interact with others who you disagree with. Not only will your paper be better, but also you will learn to think more critically. This should be a given but, sadly, in many contexts this is not emphasized enough.
  15. Review your notes often.
  16. Research for papers early! This is similar to my earlier writing advice, but you need to research early. If you have the syllabus, then begin thinking about topics before the semester starts. Schedule a time to meet with the professor to discuss paper ideas. Researching early also gives you a head start on finding key resources. Towards the end of the semester, you will find that many of the books you need will already be checked out.
  17. Get to know the professors. Talk in class. Ask them out for coffee or lunch.
  18. Community Community Community. Get to know other students around you. Everyone is in this together. Community does not just form by itself. You must be intentional. When I was a MDiv student, I was intentional about getting to know, now some of by best friends, students who were ahead of me. Their constant encouragement and knowledge of their studies grew into deeper friendships.
  19. Church. Join a church, fellowship with believers, and join some type of community group. Don’t feel that you have to be a super student and be overly involved in your Church. See where the Church needs help and devote a small amount of time with that. Your calling now is seminary. Focus on that.
  20. Discuss research ideas with other students. You are all in this together. Help each other. Brainstorm together. Your paper will not only be better but you will become a better student as well.
  21. Syllabus. The professors know they have to provide the syllabus. Don’t email and bug them about this. It will be available online soon enough.
  22. Don’t feel like you have to do all the extras. On my campus, you could be busy doing extras almost everyday of the week. You are here for school—that is your priority.
  23. Stay off social media when doing homework and reading. It is distracting and not profitable for learning. You know this. I know this. Turn off the phone, turn off the Wi-Fi, and focus on your studies.
  24. Read the church fathers. See my post here for my thoughts on this.
  25. Take the hard classes. You only get to learn here once, so challenge yourself. You will be a better teacher/pastor because of it.
  26. Be on time when meeting with professors and other faculty. This should be self-explanatory.
  27. Email the TA/Grader for logistical questions, not the professor.
  28. Grading. Realize that in many of the introductory courses the professor will not grade your homework or even your papers. This is why they have competent and smart graders. It can, at first, be disheartening to realize that your professor is not reading some of your assignments in your introductory classes. But you should realize that many of your teachers have other courses along with Doctoral students too. As you progress through your degree and begin to take more focused courses, you will have more hands on interaction with your teachers.
  29. Try handwritten notes. Personally, I have found it beneficial to take hand-written notes in many of my classes. By doing this it aids in retention and memorization. It is also less distracting. Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and blogs cannot be viewed on paper. You can find a list of articles concerning this topic here.
  30. Exercise. I have found that when I do this I am more focused, less tired, and feel better all around. Sadly, I do not do this enough.

I am sure there is much wiser and sound advice out there. If you have any just add them in the comments!

The Struggle of Seminary and the Bible


There is no long-range effective teaching of the Bible that is not accompanied by long hours of ongoing study of the Bible. Effectiveness in teaching the Bible is purchased at the price of much study, some of it lonely, all of it tiring. If you are not a student of the Word, you are not called to be a teacher of the Word.

— D.A. Carson

I think one of the most difficult aspects in seminary and biblical scholarship, at least for me, is reading and studying the Bible itself. Far too often I am more interested in reading books and articles about the Scriptures rather than the Bible itself. I am always amazed at reading the Church Fathers and seeing the many connections they see in the Scriptures. I am amazed because they did not have the wealth of resources that we have today (cross-references, Bible software, literature from 1500+ years). The reason they could do this was because they lived and breathed the Scriptures. In a culture where all the information is at our fingertips it is so easy to skip the study of Scripture. I hate to admit but too often I fall into this trap. Recognizing this is the first step; action is the second step but often times the hardest.

Secondary literature is needed and definitely has its place but it can’t replace the actual study and interaction with Holy Scripture.

My Upcoming Semester

The winter break is finally over and it is time to begin the next semester. It is hard to believe that this will be my 4th semester at SBTS. I will be taking the following classes:

  1. Patristic Latin (Dr. Haykin): I am looking forward to this class for multiple reasons. As I continue in my studies I hope to integrate more of the Church Father’s writings in my exegesis. They provide a sea of valuable theological insights into scripture that we look over today. The book list for this class is: John Collins – A Primer of Ecclesiastical Latin and Keith Sidwell – Reading Medieval Latin.
  2. Greek Exegesis of James (Dr. Plummer): I just took Greek Exegesis of Matthew with Dr. Pennington and James has much overlap with the Sermon on the Mount and the sayings of Jesus. It will be interesting to study how James integrates Jesus’ teaching in his own wisdom writing. I am also interested in seeing James’ idea of spiritual wholeness or “τέλειος”. I have blogged briefly on this idea (here and here) and am contemplating on writing my paper on some aspect of this theme in James. If any of you have any thoughts or ideas on this subject, let me know either in the comments or email. For those interested I have also put together a vocabulary PDF for James. It has the vocabulary broken down by paragraph, chapter, and also a cumulative list. We will be using Doug Moo’s commentary on James and the new exegetical guide to James by Chris Vlachos. In preparation for the class I also read Richard Bauckham’s book on James, which I highly recommend for anyone studying James. I also picked up a discourse analysis commentary on James by William Varner. I hope to learn some about this topic while going through James this semester.
  3. Christian Preaching (Dr. Prince): This class in association with the 9Marks conference. Book list for this class consist of R. Albert Mohler – He is not Silent, Peter Adam – Speaking God’s Words, and Dennis Johnson – Him We Proclaim
  4. Church History II (Dr. Haykin): I have heard great things about Dr. Haykin’s teaching here on campus. This will be my first semester under his teaching and I am looking forward to learning from him. We are using a variety of books but the bulk of the reading comes from Introduction to the History of Christianity
  5. Greek Exegesis of Mark (audit) (Dr. Vickers): I will be auditing this class since I am already in one exegesis class along with my first semester of Latin. I look forward to sitting through this class and doing some of the work (just not the exegetical paper) and seeing the different theological emphasis between Mark and Matthew. The book list for this class is R.T. France’s commentary on Mark and Jonathan Pennington’s new book on the Gospels, Reading the Gospels Wisely, which I highly recommend as a wonderful introduction on reading the Gospels as Holy Scripture.

This semester should be an excellent one. Throughout the semester most of my blogging will probably be through James and Mark. I am hoping to read some of the early Church’s writing on each of these books so I will also include some thoughts on their interpretations as I read them.